An eviction is the legal process by which a landlord removes a tenant from a rental property. The eviction process begins when a landlord serves the tenant with a notice, which is a formal document that informs the tenant that they must vacate the property within a certain period of time. The length of time that the tenant has to vacate the property will depend on the reason for the eviction and the laws in the state where the property is located.
There are several reasons why a landlord may choose to evict a tenant. The most common reasons include non-payment of rent, violation of the terms of the lease agreement, and illegal activity on the property. In the case of non-payment of rent, the landlord may serve the tenant with a notice to pay rent or vacate. If the tenant does not pay the rent within the specified time period, the landlord may proceed with the eviction process.
In the case of a violation of the lease agreement, the landlord may serve the tenant with a notice to cure or vacate. This notice informs the tenant that they have a certain period of time to correct the violation, such as removing a pet from the property if it is not allowed, or to vacate the property. If the tenant does not correct the violation within the specified time period, the landlord may proceed with the eviction process.
The eviction process itself can vary depending on the state, but generally, it goes like this:
It's important to note that evictions should be done with the guidance and supervision of the court, the landlord should not try to evict tenants by themselves, doing so can lead to legal problems.
It's also important to note that landlords must follow the proper legal procedures for eviction and must not evict tenants in an illegal or discriminatory manner. If a tenant feels that they have been evicted illegally or discriminatorily, they may have legal recourse and can seek help from legal aid organizations or attorneys.