Essential Equipment That Every Aquarium Should Have


Are you wondering why your fish die weeks after purchasing them? Here is an extensive list of the vital equipment that your aquarium needs to live longer.


Fish in an aquarium


1. Fish Food

Fish require food to keep on living. However, they do not just take in any food but a special tropical fish diet. Fish food is commercially available in different varieties although you can make yours too. While making fish food make sure it is full of protein and fat. Do not be tempted to feed fish from your leftovers because they do not contain the required nutrients. News flash: meat does not count as the proteins that the fish requires.

Also, consider the type of fish that you are rearing before picking a meal for them. Carnivorous and omnivorous fish feed on live or frozen food such as earthworms and water fleas. Live feeds are expensive. Alternatively, you can purchase a better quality or flakes which are either herbivore or omnivore specific.

For those interested in more exotic specimens, such as the unique lined seahorse, it's crucial to understand their specific dietary requirements. Luckily, you can easily learn about the lined seahorse and its diet, which primarily consists of small crustaceans, to ensure you're providing optimal nutrition. Tailoring the diet to such specific needs not only helps in maintaining their health but also in mimicking their natural feeding behaviors.


2. Aquarium Heater

An aquarium requires a fully submersible water heater to maintain a constant temperature of the water. Most of the fish in an aquarium are from tropical climates. They need water temperatures that are higher than the average water room temperature to survive. However, a goldfish is an exception since it does not require a water heater for survival.

Therefore, it is essential to have a water heater that will increase the temperature. The heater automatically turns off when the water reaches the right temperature. First, plug it into an outside source. Secondly, immerse it either fully or partially and switch it on. It is placed in water to avoid damaging it.


3. Thermometers

Besides having a heater, an aquarium also needs a thermometer. Despite some heaters having thermostats, you need a thermometer to ensure that the water is at the right temperature. Most fish are susceptible to temperature change.


4. Aquarium Filter

A filter is essential for biological, mechanical, and chemical filtration. Without it, the fish will die due to the concentration of ammonia. Ammonia comes from the fish's waste and food. The filter makes sure that the water is clean by converting ammonia into harmless nitrates. Also, protein skimmers are good examples of aquarium filters that remove waste from the water. They are used in saltwater aquariums to maintain phosphates and nitrates in low concentrations.


5. Live Bacteria Seeding Product

This equipment is essential for a new aquarium because it has ammonia build buildup. In other words, it is uncycled. Contrary, a well-established aquarium is fully cycled because it has numerous good bacteria feeding on the dangerous ammonia. Naturally, the new aquarium will take up to a month to be cycled. By this time, the fish will have died because of ammonia toxification. Instead of relying on the natural cycling process, you can purchase live bacteria products from commercial stores. These products speed up the cyclic of a new aquarium.


6. Fish Tank

It would help if you had a fish tank as a new home for your aquarium settlers. Nullify the thoughts of putting your fish in household utensils like bowls or cups. Unless you get a fish tank, your fish will eventually die. They die because it is challenging to maintain conditions like PH or temperature in a small space like a cup. Moreover, how do you install equipment like a water heater or filter in a small structure?


7. Aquarium Air Pump

An Aquarium air pump is essential to ensure gas exchange of the water and the atmosphere. Minus this equipment, the fish will be deprived of oxygen, leading to death. Alternatively, you can use a hang on the back power filter whose outflow waterfall creates sufficient surface movement promoting gaseous exchange.


8. Aquarium Water Conditioner

An aquarium water conditioner is required if your water is from a tap, which is the case in most scenarios. Tap water contains chlorine and chloramine, which is toxic to fish and could lead to its death. An aquarium water conditioner neutralizes these harmful chemical compounds.

Therefore, this equipment makes tap water safe for the fish. Commercially, they are available in liquid form. A few drops of the product in the fish tank will work the trick.


9. Lighting

All fish tanks need light. In planted aquariums, the lights are necessary for the growth of plants. You can use LED bulbs or a dedicated lamp. Fish need light sometimes too. Install these lights under the tank's lid or on the walls of the aquarium.

Even if you don't have any plants in your aquarium, keeping a bare glass bottom is not a good idea. It makes your fish feel like it's trapped in an alien environment, which can stress them.


10. Aquarium Gravel Or substrate

An aquarium should mimic the fish's natural habitat. Therefore, adding gravel, sand, or aquarium soil to the bottom of the tank will make the fish feel at home. The gravel also helps in the production of essential bacteria. However, the gravel must not be sharp to avoid hurting the fish.

Large white and brown fish blending in with rocks


In conclusion, the mentioned equipment is necessary for the survival of fish. Do not rare fish without them because you will be torturing them, and they will eventually die.